Private construction contractors must pay their workers prevailing wages when working on a construction project funded in whole or in part by a public entity using public funds such as the CCE Preservation Program. Prevailing wages are due, in most instances, if the project costs are more than $1,000, and involves new construction, alteration, demolition, installation, repair and maintenance. The prevailing wage is determined by the Director of the Department of Industrial Relations according to the type of work and location of the project and is usually based on rates specified in collective bargaining agreements.